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Lebanon is a small ethnically Arab country in the Middle Eastern region of Asia. Like most Middle Eastern countries, civilizations in the country pre-date history with evidence of huts and limestone walls as early as 5000 B.C. Other than its coast line, it's bordering neighbors are Israel on the southern side and Syria to the north. Lebanon's name literally means "white" which is probably a referring to the snow-capped peaks of Mt. Lebanon. Lebanon has a rich and diverse cultural and ethnic history as well as a unique identity because of its central location between the southern Mediterranean and the northern Arabic region. Lebanon has been a crossroads and meeting place over the centuries for a wide variety of people. Lebanon is graced by a rich cultural history, grandiose landscapes, and ancient structures made by various religious groups and civilizations such as the Phoneticians.

Lebanon has strong cultural and ethnics ties to France that grew stronger during the middle of the 20th century. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the areas consisting of modern day Lebanon were granted to France. Lebanon later gained independence from France in 1943 creating a political system referred to as "confessionalism". Confessionalism is based on religious communities that share power with each other.

Lebanon has waxed and waned between periods of peace and internal and regional strife partially due to it centralized location. Lebanon is financially powerful, which is mainly due to its diversified industries, leading to it being considered the Switzerland of Asia. In fact, Lebanon was largely unaffected by the recent global economic downturn. Lebanon's capital, Beirut, has been deemed similar to Paris with a Middle Eastern theme. Sadly, much of the infrastructure and economy were devastated resulting from the Lebanese Civil War that lasted from 1975 to 1990. It wasn't until 2006 that Lebanon suffered another significant blow since the rebuilding effort after the civil war. Close to completing the reconstruction of the city, the 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah caused great damage to the city as well as being responsible for thousands of civilian deaths.

Lebanon prides itself in the highest ranking in the Middle East region in regards to guaranteed civil rights and freedoms, an honor bestowed by The World Justice Project's Rule of Law 2011. Most Arabic states are not considered proponents of individual rights and are authoritarian in rule. In fact the majority of the region is under constant scrutiny in regards to the way human rights are viewed and handled.

Even now, Lebanon is stressed by the turbulent events in the molten Middle East region. Syrian crises put a strain on Lebanon border towns. The current revolution taking place in Syria specifically has resulted in one of the biggest Lebanon markets close to the border going from a bustling area to a ghost town.

Despite periodic and isolated conflicts, Lebanon continues to entertain a growing number of visitors from all over the world. The balmy climate makes the destination a year-round pick and the ancestral structures and culture draw individuals globally who are interested in seeing the deep history, culture, and landscapes in Lebanon.